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Samosir island situated in the middle of Lake Toba, North Sumatra. This island became as independent region from Toba Samosir since year 2003. The island is about 530 sq km in size, the island is as large as Singapore.

Pangururan is the capital of Samosir. It is also home to the government ( the parliament).


The Central Government's jurisdiction covers mostly state affairs (legislation) and includes police, communications, taxation, public health, education, economic control, the establishment of enterprises, labor legislation, money and banking, and foreign currency.

The Island Government is responsible for the island territory affairs; it manages its own territorial affairs The island government is responsible for the infrastructure, harbors, etc.